Easy-to-read medicine information about pneumococcal vaccine– what it is, when is it given and possible side effects.
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What is pneumococcal vaccine?
Pneumococcal vaccine is used to prevent infections that are caused by the bug (bacteria) called Pneumococcus. These infections can range from sinusitis and ear infections to life-threatening infections like pneumonia or meningitis. Find out more about pneumococcal disease.
Pneumococcal vaccine works by making your immune system produce special cells called antibodies that will attack and kill the Pneumococcus bacteria when it enters your body. This means that if you get infected, these protective antibodies are already in your bloodstream to quickly fight off the germs. You cannot get pneumococcal disease from the vaccine, as it does not contain live, active bacteria.
How effective is pneumococcal vaccine?
Vaccination is the best method for preventing infection and reducing the seriousness of illness if you become infected. The rate of pneumococcal disease in children under the age of 2 years has halved since immunisation was introduced. Studies show that 97% of children are protected after 4 doses of the vaccine.
When is pneumococcal vaccine given?
In New Zealand there are 3 different brands of pneumococcal vaccine – Pneumovax 23®, Prevenar ® and Synflorix®.
Pneumococcal vaccine is free as part of the National Immunisation Schedule in New Zealand for babies at 6 weeks, 3 months, 5 months and 15 months of age. They’re not fully protected until they’ve had all 4 doses. If your child misses these dates, they can have catch-up pneumococcal vaccines. Talk to your doctor or nurse about this.
Some children, teenagers and adults with weakened immune systems who are at risk of pneumococcal infection may be eligible for re-vaccination. Check with your doctor or nurse about their eligibility.
How is pneumococcal vaccine given?
- Pneumococcal vaccine is given by injection into a muscle such as the muscle on your mid thigh.
- If you have a condition that makes you bleed more easily than normal, it may be given as an injection underneath your skin.
- It's safe to get the pneumococcal vaccine at the same time as the seasonal influenza vaccine, but at a different injection site.
Possible side effects
Like all medicines, the pneumococcal vaccine can cause side effects, although not everyone gets them.
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The following links have more information on pneumococcal vaccine. Be aware that websites from other countries may contain information that differs from New Zealand recommendations.
Medsafe Consumer Information Sheets (NZ)
Immunisation Advisory Centre, NZ
More ways to help protect your family
Quick answers to frequent pneumococcal vaccine questions
Patient Info, UK
- Pneumococcal disease Immunisation Handbook 2017, New Zealand