Safer sex for rainbow youth

Just like any group, people who identify as rainbow youth need appropriate information that supports your sexual health and wellbeing. Unfortunately, traditional safer sex guides aren’t always inclusive enough to be relevant to your needs.

Why does inclusivity in safer sex resources matter?

Education about safer sex often presumes everyone’s gender is the same as the sex they were assigned at birth. Resources often use videos, pictures and diagrams that don’t reflect or provide information about same-sex and queer relationships.

These guides often refer to body parts as being “male parts” and “female parts”, whereas many people don’t see body parts as having a gender, but that people have a gender. Resources also often refer to “sex with women” or “sex with men,” excluding those who identify as nonbinary.

Without inclusivity, your experience is less visible. You can be left with more questions than you have answered. This can also leave you at more risk, because if your experience is not mirrored, you may not get the information you need to keep yourself safe sexually.

You need information that meets your needs because practicing safer sex and protecting yourself increases the chances you and your sex partners stay STI-free. It’s also a way that you can practice self-care and self-love.

What are some key issues for safer sex?

Regardless of gender or sexual identity, safer sex includes being well informed about issues of consent and taking care of your sexual health. 

Being ready and issues of consent 

If you’re thinking of having sex with someone, here are some good things to think about first: 

  • Why do you want to have sex with this person? Do you feel ready and want this or are you feeling pressured?
  • How do you feel about the person you want to have sex with? Do you feel safe with them and respected by them?
  • Can you talk to them about what you both want, including how to stay safe?
  • If you wanted to stop, would you know how to say so?
  • Would they stop if you felt uncomfortable?

Sexual health

Safer sex means caring for both your own health and the health of your partner. Safer sex protects you from getting, or passing on, sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Although some STIS can be cured, others, such as HIV and herpes, can’t. 

Practising safer sex includes: 

  • talking about safer sex with a sexual partner before you have sex with them
  • always using a condom or dental dam if you have vaginal, oral or anal sex
  • saying no if your partner won’t use a condom or dental dam
  • not having sex (even with a condom or dental dam) if your partner has a visible sore, ulcer or lump on their genitals or anal area
  • using condoms on sex toys and washing them afterwards
  • getting tested if you may have been exposed to an STI. 

Some LGBT people can get pregnant, so contraceptive use may be an important consideration if you are having sex that puts you at risk of pregnancy and you do not wish to become pregnant. 

Safer sex resources for rainbow youth 

Resources aimed at rainbow youth are still limited. However, the following provide more details about safer sex in a more inclusive way. 

This LGBTQIA safe sex guide by Healthline (US) is aimed at understanding the nuanced, complex and diverse gender identities, sexual orientation, attractions and experiences that exist in the LGBTQIA communities. 

Villainesse has produced a range of videos and other resources that incorporate issues for rainbow youth as part of the topics covered not just in the gender identity video. You can find them at The Real Sex Talk 

The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer Plus (LGBTQ+) Resource Center (US) has produced LGBTQ resources that include sex education and safer sex info 

One Love has written an article on the 7 things they should’ve taught you in sex-ed but didn’t and the Huffington Post (US) wrote one on what an LGBTQ-inclusive sex education would have taught you

Support for rainbow youth with safer sex issues 

There is specialised support available, and lots of people just like you who can help if you have questions about safer sex. 

Rainbow Youth is an Auckland-based organisation that provides information, advocacy and education for queer young people, their friends and whānau.

Ending HIV offers a combination of tools to gay and bi guys to prevent HIV transmissions. Men (cis or trans) who have sex with men can order condoms for free from their site and they’ll be mailed in unmarked envelopes.

OUTline is a national telephone counselling and information support service for gay, lesbian, transgender, takataapui and bisexual people. It operates from 10 am–10 pm Monday to Friday and 5 pm –10 pm on weekends. Call from Auckland 09 309 3268 or outside of Auckland 0800 OUTLINE (0800 688 5463).

Gender Minorities Aotearoa is a cross-cultural and transgender-led national organisation. They assist transgender, intersex and takataapui people in having choices about their lives and their bodies, and in getting the things they need for wellbeing. 

Learn more

The following links provide further information about safer sex. Be aware that websites from other countries may have information that differs from New Zealand recommendations, and that these New Zealand websites have some useful information, but it is not all inclusive.

Being safer sexually includes information about safer sex, how to use a condom and details of different STIs, including symptoms. Ministry of Health, NZ
What does safer sex mean? includes links to useful resources, statistics, useful websites etc. Just the Facts, NZ
Sex includes information on safer sex, STIS and more. Youthline, NZ
Safer sex discusses the four C's: consent, contraception, condoms and checks (STI). Family Planning, NZ

Credits: Health Navigator Editorial Team.