Venlafaxine is used to treat severe depression, anxiety disorder or panic disorder. Find out how to take it safely and possible side effects. Venlafaxine is also called Enlafax XR or Efexor-XR.
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What is venlafaxine?
Venlafaxine is used to treat severe depression, anxiety disorder or panic disorder. It is one of a group of medicines known as serotonin-noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). It is believed that SNRIs work by increasing the activity of certain chemicals working in our brains called neurotransmitters. These pass signals from one brain cell to another. Although we don’t know for certain, the neurotransmitters that are most likely to be involved in depression and some other conditions are thought to be serotonin and noradrenaline. Read more about antidepressants. In New Zealand, venlafaxine is available as capsules.
- The dose of venlafaxine will be different for different people. Your doctor will usually start you on a low dose and if you need to, will increase your dose slowly. This allows your body to get used to the medicine and reduces side effects.
- Always take your venlafaxine exactly as your doctor has told you. The pharmacy label on your medicine will tell you how much venlafaxine to take, how often to take it, and any special instructions.
How to take venlafaxine
- Timing: Take venlafaxine once a day, at the same time each day, either in the morning OR in the evening. You can take it at a time that suits you, but try to take your doses at the same time each day. It is best to take venlafaxine with food.
- Swallow your venlafaxine capsule whole, with a glass of water. Do not crush or chew the capsules. This will release all the medicine at once and cause side effects.
- Missed dose: If you forget to take your dose and if it is more than 12 hours late, wait until the next day and take your normal dose then. Do not take double the dose. Otherwise, if it is less than 12 hours late, take it as soon as you remember, and then go back to taking as you would normally.
- Keep taking venlafaxine regularly. It may take a few weeks or months before you notice the full benefits of venlafaxine. If you think venlafaxine is not working for you, do not stop taking it suddenly; speak to your doctor or nurse before stopping. It is usually best to stop taking venlafaxine very slowly to avoid side effects.
Precautions before starting venlafaxine
- Do you have any heart problems such as irregular heartbeat?
- Do you have problems with your kidneys?
- Do you have epilepsy?
- Do you have bipolar disorder or a family history of mania?
- Do you have high blood pressure (hypertension)?
- Do you have diabetes?
- Are you pregnant or breastfeeding?
- Do you have a bleeding disorder or stomach ulcer?
- Are you taking any other medicines, including medicines you can buy without a prescription, such as herbal and complementary medicines or pain relief medicines?
If any of these apply, it’s important that you tell your doctor or pharmacist before you start venlafaxine. Sometimes a medicine isn’t suitable for a person with certain conditions, or it can only be used with extra care.
Precautions while taking venlafaxine
- Alcohol: Avoid alcohol while you are taking venlafaxine, especially when you first start treatment. Drinking alcohol while taking venlafaxine can cause drowsiness and affect concentration, putting you at risk of falls and other accidents. It can also cause agitation, aggression and forgetfulness. If you do drink alcohol, drink only small amounts and see how you feel. Do not stop taking your medication.
- High blood pressure (hypertension): If you have high blood pressure, you may need to check your blood pressure more often, especially when you first start venlafaxine, because it can cause an increase in blood pressure.
- Sun protection: Venlafaxine can make your skin more sensitive to the sun. You may get a burning, tingling feeling on your skin when you are in the sun, or you may notice a darker tan or redness. When outside, protect your skin by using a good sunscreen (SPF 50+) and wearing a wide-brimmed sunhat and long-sleeved shirts and trousers.
What are the side effects of venlafaxine?
Like all medicines, venlafaxine can cause side effects, although not everyone gets them. Often side effects improve as your body gets used to the new medicine.
The use of antidepressants has been linked with an increase in suicidal thoughts and behaviour. Children, teenagers, young adults and people with a history of suicidal behaviour are particularly at risk. This is most likely during the first few weeks of starting an antidepressant or if the dose is changed. It is important to look for signs of suicidal behaviour such as agitation or aggression and ask about suicidal thoughts, self-harm, worsening of low mood, If you notice any of these signs, contact your doctor immediately.
It is ok and important to ask about suicidal thoughts and this will not increase risk.
If you need urgent help or are concerned, phone:
- Lifeline 0800 543 354 (available 24/7)
- Healthline 0800 611 116, who can give you the phone number for your local mental health crisis line.
Sexual side effects
Venlafaxine can cause reduced sexual drive, lack of libido and problems keeping an erection. It’s important to talk to your healthcare provider if you get these effects, as they can be difficult to deal with and may not go away. Your healthcare provider may be able to suggest treatment or may reduce the dose of venlafaxine or change to a different antidepressant. Read more about medicines and sexual problems.
Other side effects
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|Did you know that you can report a side effect to a medicine to CARM (Centre for Adverse Reactions Monitoring)? Report a side effect to a product|
Venlafaxine interacts with many other medications and herbal supplements (such as St. John's wort) so check with your doctor or pharmacist before starting venlafaxine or before starting any new medicines.
The following links have more information on venlafaxine.
- Venlafaxine New Zealand Formulary
- QT Prolongation with antidepressants Medsafe NZ, 2013
- Venlafaxine and photosensitivity Medsafe NZ, 2016
- The role of medicines in the management of depression in primary care BPAC, 2017
Additional resources for healthcare professionals
Venlafaxine NZ Formulary
Update – QT prolongation with antidepressants Medsafe, NZ, 2013
Venlafaxine and photosensitivity Medsafe, NZ, 2016
The role of medicines in the management of depression in primary care BPAC, NZ, 2017