Candesartan is used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure and to prevent kidney problems in people with diabetes. Find out how to take it safely and possible side effects. Candesartan is also called Atacand.
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What is candesartan?
Candesartan has many different effects on your body and is used to treat a variety of conditions. It belongs to a group of medicines called ARBs. Candesartan may be used for:
- high blood pressure (hypertension) by relaxing your blood vessels and lowering your blood pressure
- heart failure to help your heart pump blood more easily – this can help to relieve symptoms such as shortness of breath and swelling of feet, legs and abdomen
- diabetic kidney disease (diabetic nephropathy) to protect your kidneys and help them to function.
Candesartan can work quickly for high blood pressure (hypertension). If you have heart failure it may be a few weeks before you notice an improvement in your symptoms. Once you have started candesartan you will generally keep taking it for life unless you have a side effect. In New Zealand candesartan is available as tablets.
Candesartan tablets come in different strengths: 4 mg, 8 mg, 16 mg and 32 mg.
- The dose of candesartan will be different for different people. Your doctor will tell you the dose that is right for you. Your dose of candesartan will depend on what it is being used for.
- Your doctor will usually start you on a low dose and increase the dose depending on how you respond. This allows your body to get used to the medicine and reduces unwanted side effects.
- Candesartan is usually taken once a day.
- Always take your candesartan exactly as your doctor has told you. The pharmacy label on your medicine will tell you how much candesartan to take, how often to take it and any special instructions.
- Candesartan tablets are available in different strengths. If your tablets look different to your last supply speak with your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
How to take candesartan
- Timing: Take candesartan, once a day, at the same time each day. It is best taken in the morning. You can take candesartan with or without food.
- Limit alcohol while you are taking candesartan. Alcohol can increase your chance of side effects, such as dizziness and light-headedness.
- Missed dose: If you forget to take your dose, take it as soon as you remember that day. But, if it is nearly time for your next dose, just take the next dose at the right time. Do not take double the dose.
Precautions – before taking candesartan
- Are you pregnant or planning a pregnancy?
- Are you breastfeeding?
- Do you have problems with your kidneys or liver?
- Have you ever had an allergic reaction with swelling of your lips, eyes or tongue (called angioedema)?
- Are you are taking or using any other medicines? This includes any medicines you are using that are available to buy from a pharmacy, supermarket or natural health store without a prescription.
If so, it’s important that you tell your doctor or pharmacist before you start taking candesartan. Sometimes a medicine isn’t suitable for a person with certain conditions or it can only be used with extra care.
Cautions while you are taking candesartan
Have a sick day plan
If you have diarrhoea or are vomiting from a stomach bug, or have dehydration from other causes, it’s important to let your doctor know, as they may advise you to stop taking your candesartan for a few days and restart when you feel better. This is because candesartan can increase the amount of potassium salts in your blood, particularly if you are dehydrated.
Be careful when taking some pain relief medicines
Candesartan helps to protect your kidneys from damage if you have diabetes. In most cases candesartan is protective but if you are taking candesartan and diuretics (water pills), the combination of these with NSAIDs (anti-inflammatory pain relief medication) can be very harmful to your kidneys. It can cause acute kidney injury. This combination is called the dangerous trio or triple whammy. You have a higher risk of harm to your kidneys if you are also elderly or are dehydrated.
If you are taking candesartan with a diuretic, do not use NSAIDs for pain relief. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for a safer option. Read more about NSAIDs and protecting your kidneys.
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Like all medicines, candesartan can cause side effects, although not everyone gets them. Often side effects improve as your body gets used to the new medicine.
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- Candesartan may interact with a few medications and herbal supplements so check with your doctor or pharmacist before starting candesartan or before starting any new medicines.
- Also, check with your pharmacist before taking over-the-counter medicines such as anti-inflammatories such as diclofenac (eg, Voltaren Rapid), ibuprofen (eg, Nurofen), naproxen (eg, Naprogesic).
The following links have more information on candesartan:
- Medsafe Consumer Information Sheets: Atacand Candestar
- New Zealand Formulary Patient Information: Candesartan
- Candesartan New Zealand Formulary