Preventing poisoning

Having medicines and chemicals around your home puts people at risk of accidental poisoning. Yet we all need medicines and chemicals in our homes.

Everyone in the household is at risk of being poisoned, but children and older adults are most at risk. So what can you do to keep everyone safe?

If you think a child or someone else has suffered from poisoning or taken a medicine that is not for them, call the National Poisons Centre on 0800 764 766 for advice, or call 111 for an ambulance. They will tell you what to do. If you have to go to hospital, take the medicine or chemical and the container with you. This will give the hospital good information about the medicine or chemical and how much has been taken.

Here are some tips to prevent poisoning:

1. Keep all medicines and chemicals out of sight and reach of children

If it's possible, lock away all medicines and chemicals in a storage cupboard. Young children can be good climbers and can stretch out to get something that you thought might be out of their reach.

Keep the dishwasher shut when it's not in use as there could be some leftover dishwasher powder in it. Children can easily get into the dishwasher and eat the powder, which can result in serious poisoning.

Small batteries can also be easily swallowed, so keep them out of reach of children. 

2. Keep chemicals and medicines in their original containers with labels in place

Keep all chemicals and medicines in their original containers with their original labels. Don't store them in a food or drink container, as you or other people in your household may mistake it as food and eat it. Storing chemical and medicines in food or drink containers is illegal and highly dangerous and can cause serious poisoning. 

3. Store all chemicals and medicines separately from food

While keeping chemicals and medicines in their original containers is a good practice, you must also store them separately from food. This reduces the chance of accidental poisoning. It also helps teach children that medicines and chemicals are not food. 

4. Put any chemicals or medicines straight back where you keep them after you've used them. 

A lot of childhood poisonings happen when chemicals or medicines have been left out after use.

4. Dispose of chemicals and medicines that are no longer used

If you are no longer using any chemicals or medicines, make the effort to get rid of them in an appropriate way to avoid accidental poisoning. You can contact your National Poisons Centre or your regional council for advice on how to dispose of chemicals. Contact your local pharmacy for disposal or return of medicines. 

5. Be careful of child-resistant caps 

Child-resistant caps are not child proof, so keep medicines out of reach of children even if they have child-resistant packaging. 

6. Practice safe medicine use 

If you, your children or anyone else in the household need to take any medicines, practicing safe medicine use can help prevent accidental poisoning.

  • Before taking your medicines, read and follow the instructions and warnings on the label.
  • If you have any questions about the use, side effects or interactions of your medicines, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • Old and outdated medicines should be disposed of or returned to your local pharmacy.
  • Don't share your prescription medicines with someone else.
  • Ask your pharmacist about getting your medicines in a blister pack or pills tray if you have difficulty remembering when to take your medicines. 
  • Make sure you have a record of the normal contents of your pillbox, including the name, number of pills and description. This would be helpful if any children manage to access the pillbox. 
  • Keep all medicines out of reach of children. 
  • Don't refer to medicines as sweets when encouraging children to take medicines.
  • Don't take or give medicines in the dark to avoid taking medicines in an incorrect dose. 

Read more about tips for using medicines safely.

Learn more

Preventing poisoning in the home National Poisons Centre, NZ
Poison prevention for the older generation National Poisons Centre, NZ 
Prevent poisoning in the home Healthy Western Australia
Tips to prevent poisonings Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US
Poisoning prevention NHS, UK 


  1. Preventing poisoning in the home National Poisons Centre, NZ
  2. Poison prevention for the older generation National Poisons Centre, NZ 
  3. Poisoning prevention NHS, UK 
Credits: Health Navigator Editorial Team.