Cardiovascular disease is the term for all types of diseases that affect your heart or blood vessels. This includes coronary artery disease (clogged arteries), which can cause heart attacks, stroke, congenital heart defects and peripheral artery disease.
'Heart disease' (mate manawa) is a catch-all phrase for a variety of conditions that affect your heart’s structure and function. All heart diseases are cardiovascular diseases, but not all cardiovascular diseases are heart disease. Learn more about the most common cardiovascular conditions, including their causes, symptoms, prevention, diagnosis and treatment options.